美国批准向沙特转移核能

【CNBC网06月04日报道】据美参议院民主党人士称,特朗普政府已两次批准向沙特阿拉伯转移核能信息。沙特目前正在审查数家外企在国内建造核反应堆的投标信息,特朗普政府表示希望美国公司可以赢得该竞标,因此授权美国公司在向沙特推销产品时兼可分享信息。去年10月,沙特异见人士贾迈勒·哈肖吉(Jamal Khashoggi)被沙特特工杀害,弗吉尼亚州参议员蒂姆·凯恩(Tim Kaine)在一份新闻稿中表示:“令人震惊的是,在沙特当权残忍杀害一名美国居民后,特朗普政府签署了与沙特政权分享核技术的协议,这令人十分不安。”特朗普此举受到了两党的批评,对此白宫尚未置评。

Trump administration approved nuclear energy transfers to Saudis after Khashoggi killing

The Trump administration approved the transfer of nuclear energy information to Saudi Arabia on two occasions after the slaying of Saudi dissident Jamal Khashoggi by agents of the kingdom, according to Senate Democrats.

The administration granted the first approval in question Oct. 18, 2018, 16 days after the killing of The Washington Post columnist and Virginia resident at the Saudi Consulate in Istanbul. The second authorization was granted Feb. 18, 2019, three months after the CIA reportedly concluded that Saudi Crown Prince Mohammed bin Salman ordered Khashoggi’s death.

“The alarming realization that the Trump Administration signed off on sharing our nuclear know-how with the Saudi regime after it brutally murdered an American resident adds to a disturbing pattern of behavior,” Sen. Tim Kaine, D-Va., said in a press release.

The information, first shared by Kaine in the press release, came from documents provided by the Department of Energy to the Senate Foreign Relations Committee. Sen. James Risch, R-Idaho, the committee’s chairman, sought information about seven so-called Part 810 authorizations granted to U.S. firms to share nuclear energy information with Saudi Arabia beginning on Dec. 13, 2017.

In particular, congressional Democrats and Republicans alike wanted to know whether the administration continued to grant Part 810 authorizations for information sharing with Saudi Arabia after Khashoggi’s slaying.

The Department of Energy, which approves Part 810 authorizations along with the State Department, did not immediately return a request for comment. A foreign relations aide for Risch could not immediately be reached to confirm the contents of the letter.

A spokesperson for Sen. Robert Menendez, a New Jersey Democrat and the ranking member of the Foreign Relations Committee, confirmed the dates disclosed by Kaine.

“This adds to my existing worries about the Administration’s willingness to give Saudi Arabia a free pass, especially after its brutal murder of Jamal Khashogghi,” Menendez said in an email to CNBC. “The fact that we now know two of these transactions took place after the murder makes clear that the Administration is willing to support the Saudis with impunity.”

The issue of U.S.-Saudi nuclear energy cooperation has become a flash point in the broader conflict between the White House and Capitol Hill over U.S. relations with Saudi Arabia. Members of Congress have questioned whether the kingdom should be trusted with U.S. nuclear energy technology in light of the CIA conclusion that Crown Prince Mohammed played a part in Khashoggi’s murder, an assessment the Saudis deny.

Saudi Arabia is reviewing bids by firms from several countries to build nuclear reactors in the kingdom. The Trump administration wants American companies to win the work, and the authorizations give U.S. firms the ability to share information as they make their pitches to the Saudis. The administration is trying to thwart efforts by China and Russia to export nuclear reactors to Saudi Arabia and other nations.

Yet the Trump administration’s support for Saudi Arabia goes beyond nuclear energy export policy. Riyadh has emerged as one of the Trump administration’s top allies, particularly as Washington aims to crack down on Iran, Saudi Arabia’s chief Middle East rival.

President Donald Trump’s declaration that the U.S. stands in solidarity with Saudi Arabia following Khashoggi’s killing drew criticism from both sides of the aisle.

Kaine is part of a group of bipartisan senators who introduced legislation in April that would give Congress greater oversight of the executive branch’s power to allow companies to engage in nuclear energy cooperation with foreign countries.

Kaine on Tuesday called out the Trump administration for “citing a bogus emergency to bypass a Congressional block on arms sales to the Saudis, continuing support for the disastrous war in Yemen over Congressional objections, turning a blind eye to the regime’s detention of women’s rights activists, and refusing to comply with the Global Magnitsky Act to reach a determination about the Saudi government’s responsibility for the murder of Jamal Khashoggi.”

The White House did not respond to a request for comment.

 

( 译者:张天然  审校:刘倩文 )

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